MedPro Blog

Juvenile Arthritis Month July 2021

The term “arthritis” literally means joint inflammation. While arthritis is more common in older adults, it can affect people of all ages, including children. The most common form of juvenile arthritis is idiopathic (unknown) in nature and is usually an autoimmune disorder. According to the Arthritis National Research Foundation, nearly 300,000 American children (under age 18) suffer from arthritis or rheumatic conditions. Juvenile arthritis month is recognized annually to bring awareness, fund research, and bring cures to the younger population.

What are the Symptoms?

Common symptoms of juvenile arthritis include fatigue, eye pain, blurred vision, limping, pain, swelling and tenderness in the joints, excessive clumsiness, and joint stiffness. It is important to communicate with your child and not to ignore these symptoms to avoid permanent joint damage, and eye disorders.

How is it Diagnosed?

There is no clear diagnosis for juvenile arthritis. It is mainly through deductive diagnosis that rules out similar symptoms in lupus, cancer, fibromyalgia, or bone breaks. Family medical history, medical exams. X-rays and blood panel analysis are especially helpful in determining the type of arthritis the child has.

How is it Treated?

Contrary to belief, it is important for children suffering from juvenile arthritis to stay physically active when their symptoms are in remission. During a flare-up, or where pain is present, activity may be limited. While each treatment plan is different – it is often a blend that may or may not include anti-inflammatory, antimetabolites, corticosteroids, and slow-acting anti-rheumatic drugs.

Arthritis remains one of the leading causes of disability in the U.S. Researchers are continually working to improve existing treatment. The 2021 Juvenile Arthritis Conference is a virtual event sponsored by the Arthritis Foundation that further promote awareness, health, wellness, and support for children and their families.

Three Most Common Types of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis is the most common form of arthritis. This happens when bone cartilage wears down over time. The areas most affected by osteoarthritis are the hips, spine, knees, and hands.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. It attacks the immune system, and the joints – hands, feet, and wrists. If not treated, it can cause severe joint damage and is a common system of those suffering from lupus.

Psoriatic Arthritis affects those with psoriasis, a condition that forms itchy, dry patches on the skin. This type of arthritis is harder to diagnose. Other symptoms include nail lesions, dactylitis, juxta-articular bone formation, and genetic markers.

#StrongerThanJA #CureArthritis #Kidsgetarthritis

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